Post Flood Precautions

The God’s Own country has faced the worst natural calamity, floods, in a century. We lost a lot of precious lives and suffered enormous losses. But life needs to move on and we need to survive the calamity with strength, willpower, and faith. Now precautions need to be taken post flood when you enter flood infected areas like your home, office buildings etc. Here are a few measures to restore your home or any building after flooding :

Back Home

  • Do not go inside your home unless you make sure it’s safe to go in
  • Make sure if the main power is off or not. Call in an electrician to check the electrical condition in your home to make sure there is no risk of getting shocks from electricity.
  • Make sure every step you place inside your flooded home is with utmost precaution.
  • Always make sure you do not use flooded electrical appliances until its dried properly and checked by an electrician that they are in working condition to avoid getting shocked or avoid fire risk.
  • Make sure you call in an electrician to check your wiring and main electrical panels before you enter your home.

Is your building structure save?

  • Ensure your building is saved structurally.
  • Watch out for buckled walls and floor
  • Look out for holes in the floor, broken glasses, any snakes or venomous creature who might have taken shelter at your home.

Safe Water

  • Flood water will be heavily polluted and infected with microorganisms and sewage. Avoid coming in contact with such waters.
  • If you have a well at your home avoid using the water from the well until its properly cleaned and disinfected.


  • Keep all your documents damaged by flood water in a freezer until required.
  • Make evidence of your flood-damaged homes by making videos and taking photographs.
  • Register the amount of damage to your home with both your insurance agent and local municipality immediately.

Time to clean your home

  • Equipment required
  • Gloves
  • Masks and other protective gear
  • Pails, mops, and squeegees
  • Plastic garbage bags
  • Unscented detergent
  • Large containers for soaking bedding, clothing, and linens, and clotheslines to hang them to dry

Water removal

If there is water in your home drain them out in stages. Do not drain out them in one go because there is a risk of walls and floor buckling out. Pump out standing water and vacuum your home dry.

Dirt and debris

  • Use jet spray machines to wash out dirt and debris.
  • Hose down any dirt sticking to walls and solid-wood furniture then rinse several times.
  • Clean the drainage system of your home with disinfectants and make sure no debris is clogging your drainage system.


  • Ventilate the house until it is completely dry.
  • Rinse and then clean all floors as quickly as possible.
  • Clean all interior wall and floor cavities with a solution of water and unscented detergent.

Carpets and furniture

  • Dry carpets that are usable within two days or discard them
  • Clean furniture by washing off mud and soil.
  • If items are just damp, let the mud dry and then brush it off.
  • In order to check if your furniture is damp with water, paste a clear tap on the wood and leave it for some time. If the area under the tape is darker in colour than the other areas o the wood, it means the wood is still wet.
  • Wooden furniture: Remove drawers and open doors. Do not dry quickly or splitting may occur.

Food and medicine

Make sure to dispose any food that you left behind at your home before the flood. Discard all cosmetics, detergents and bottled cleaning agents affected by flood water. Also, discard medicines that are affected by flood water.

Before moving back in

  • Make sure you get clear water
  • Every nook and corner of your home should be cleaned and dried.
  • Sterilize usable containers and utensils by washing with hot water or disinfect with washing in chlorinated water.
  • Proper toilet facilities are available

In the phase of such a dier disaster, let’s join hand in faith and move forward towards a new chapter of our lives by learning from our mistakes that we did towards nature and make sure to take steps that will save us from any future disasters. Live in harmony with nature and each other.” Remember Earth Is Our Home! We Need To Protect Her”

This information is provided by Architects in Trivandrum



M Sand

M Sand | Substitute for River Sand

M sand (manufactured sand) is a substitute of river sand for concrete construction . Manufactured sand is produced from hard granite stone by crushing.The crushed sand is of cubical shape with grounded edges, washed and graded to as a construction material. The size of manufactured sand (M-Sand) is less than 4.75mm.

Why Manufactured Sand is Used?

M Sand  is an alternative for river sand. Due to fast growing construction industry, the demand for sand has increased tremendously, causing deficiency of suitable river sand in most part of the word.

Due to the depletion of good quality river sand for the use of construction, the use of manufactured sand has been increased. Another reason for use of M-Sand is its availability and transportation cost.

Since M sand can be crushed from hard granite rocks, it can be readily available at the nearby place, reducing the cost of transportation from far-off river sand bed.

Thus, the cost of construction can be controlled by the use of M sand as an alternative material for construction. The other advantage of using M-Sand is, it can be dust free, the sizes of m-sand can be controlled easily so that it meets the required grading for the given construction.

Msand Processing
Msand Processing


Advantages of Manufactured Sand (M Sand)

  • It is well graded in the required proportion.
  • It does not contain organic and soluble compound that affects the setting time and properties of cement, thus the required strength of concrete can be maintained.
  • It does not have the presence of impurities such as clay, dust and silt coatings, increase water requirement as in the case of river sand which impair bond between cement paste and aggregate. Thus, increased quality and durability of concrete.
  • M-Sand is obtained from specific hard rock (granite) using the state-of-the-art International technology, thus the required property of sand is obtained.
  • M-Sand is cubical in shape and is manufactured using technology like High Carbon steel hit rock and then ROCK ON ROCK process which is synonymous to that of natural process undergoing in river sand information.
  • Modern and imported machines are used to produce M-Sand to ensure required grading zone for the sand.
M sand
Manufactured Sand


Properties of Manufactured Sand for Concrete Construction


Higher Strength of concrete

The manufactured sand has required gradation of fines, physical properties such as shape, smooth surface textures and consistency which makes it the best sand suitable for construction. These physical properties of sand provides greater strength to the concrete by reducing segregation, bleeding, honeycombing, voids and capillary.

Thus required grade of sand for the given purpose helps the concrete fill voids between coarse aggregates and makes concrete more compact and dense, thus increasing the strength of concrete.

Durability of concrete

Since manufactured sand (M-Sand) is processed from selected quality of granite, it has the balanced physical and chemical properties for construction of concrete structures.

This property of M-Sand helps the concrete structures withstand extreme environmental conditions and prevents the corrosion of reinforcement steel by reducing permeability, moisture ingress, freeze-thaw effect increasing the durability of concrete structures.

Workability of concrete

Size, shape, texture play an important role in workability of concrete. With more surface area of sand, the demand for cement and water increases to bond the sand with coarse aggregates.

The control over these physical properties of manufacturing sand make the concrete require less amount of water and provide higher workable concrete. The less use of water also helps in increasing the strength of concrete, less effort for mixing and placement of concrete, and thus increases productivity of construction activities at site.

Less Construction Defects

Construction defects during placement and post-concreting such as segregation, bleeding, honeycombing, voids and capillarity in concrete gets reduced by the use of M-Sand as it has optimum initial and final setting time as well as excellent fineness.


As discussed above, since usage of M-Sand has increased durability, higher strength, reduction in segregation, permeability, increased workability, decreased post-concrete defects, it proves to be economical as a construction material replacing river sand.

It can also save transportation cost of river sand in many cases.


Usage of manufactured sand prevents dredging of river beds to get river sand which may lead to environmental disaster like ground water depletion, water scarcity, threat to the safety of bridges, dams etc. to make M-Sands more eco-friendly than river sand.


Msand Manufacturing companies in Kerala

01,Pobson Groups Trivnadrum

02,Wimrock Granites Private Limited Pathanamthitta

03.Geosand M-sand -Kannur

04.Delta Msand Pvt. Ltd– Neyyatinkara

05.Metro-M-Sand Industries– Kochi

06,VK Stone Crusher-Peravoor

07.S.M Sand’s  in Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India Company


Triangle Homes



grades of concrete

Grades of Concrete in Civil Engineering

Grades of Concrete in Civil Engineering

Grade        Cement          Fine Aggragate         Course Aggragate      General Term

M5                 1                         5                                 10                         1:5:10

M7.5             1                          4                                  8                          1:4:8

M10              1                          3                                  6                          1:3:6

M15              1                          2                                  4                          1:2:4

M20              1                          1.5                               3                          1:1.5:3

M25              1                          1                                  2                          1:1:2

M30              1                          1                                  1.5                       1:1:1.5

M40              1                           1.14                            2.49                      1:1.14:2.49


Grade          Cement          Fine Aggragate       Course Aggragate     Proportion

M5               136kg                   0.47m3                   0.95m3                   1:5:10

M7.5            168kg                   0.46m3                   0.95m3                   1:4:8

M10             218kg                   0.45m3                   0.91m3                   1:3:6

M15             312kg                   0.43m3                   0.86m3                   1:2:4

M20             387kg                   0.41m3                   0.82m3                   1:1.5:3

M25             547.2kg                0.38m3                   0.76m3                   1:1:2


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Plastering Techniques Using Machines

Cement Mortar Plastering Machines

Cement plastering
Cement plastering


Types of machines

  1. Automatic plastering machine
  2. Spray plastering machine
  3. Mortar spraying machine


Youtobe LInk


The market competition analysis includes analysis of construction machinery industry the main points of the report: 1) internal competition in construction machinery industry. The cause of internal competition of the industry may have the following several kinds: One is the slow industry growth, market share of the fierce battle; two is the number of competitors are more competitive force of roughly the same; Three is the competition to provide products or services are roughly the same, or only little not show obvious difference; The four is some enterprises to scale economic benefit, expand the scale of production, the market equilibrium is broken, a large number of surplus products, enterprises began to resort to price competition. 2) construction machinery industry customer bargaining power. Industry customer may be consumers or users of the products in the industry, may also be commodity buyer. Bargaining power customer in will make the seller to reduce prices, improve the quality of products and provide better service. 3) suppliers of construction machinery industry in the performance of suppliers bargaining ability, can effectively promote the buyer to accept higher prices, the earlier time of payment or a more reliable way of payment. 4) potential competitors of the threat of the construction machinery industry, the potential competition on finger who might go into industry to participate in the competition of the enterprise, they will bring new production capacity, the sharing of existing resources and market share, the result is the production cost rise, the market competition intensifies, the product selling price decline, industry profits decrease. 5) replace the product pressure construction machinery industry, refers to the same function, or to meet the product competition pressure also needs to be substitutes for each other. plastering machine | automatic rendering 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